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经典系列


A. User's Guide to Biomedical Literature (JAMA 1993-98 Series)ntroduction (External links to Centres for Health Evidence.net, Canada)
1. Oxman AD, Sackett DL, Guyatt GH, Users' Guides to the Medical Literature: I. How to get started. JAMA 1993;270:2093-5.
2. Guyatt GH, Sackett DL, Cook DJ, Users' Guides to the Medical Literature: II. How to use an article about therapy or prevention (A). JAMA 1993;270:2598-601.
3. Guyatt GH, Sackett DL, Cook DJ, Users' Guides to the Medical Literature: II. How to use an article about therapy or prevention. (B). JAMA 1994;271:59-63.
4. Jaeschke R, Guyatt GH, Sackett DL, Users' Guides to the Medical Literature: III. How to use an article about a diagnostic test (A). JAMA 1994;271:389-91.
5. Jaeschke R, Guyatt GH, Sackett DL, Users' Guides to the Medical Literature: III. How to use an article about a diagnostic test. (B). JAMA 1994;271:703-7.
6. Levine M, Walter S, Lee H, Haines T, Holbrook A, Moyer V, Users' Guides to the Medical Literature: IV. How to use an article about harm. JAMA 1994;271:1615-9.
7. Laupacis A, Wells G, Richardson WS, Tugwell P, Users' Guides to the Medical Literature: V. How to use an article about prognosis. JAMA 1994;272:234-7.
8. Oxman AD, Cook DJ, Guyatt GH, Users' Guides to the Medical Literature: VI. How to use an overview. JAMA 1996;272:1367-71.
9. Richardson WS, M.D., Detsky AS, Users' Guides to the Medical Literature: VII. How to use a clinical decision analysis (A). JAMA 1996;273:1292-5.
10. Richardson WS, M.D., Detsky AS, Users' Guides to the Medical Literature: VII. How to use a clinical decision analysis (B). JAMA 1995;273:1610-3.
11. Hayward RSA, Wilson MC, Tunis SR, Bass EB, Guyatt GH, Users' Guides to the Medical Literature: VIII. How to use clinical practice guidelines (A). JAMA 1995;274:570-4.
12. Hayward RSA, Wilson MC, Tunis SR, Bass EB, Guyatt GH, Users' Guides to the Medical Literature: VIII. How to use clinical practice guidelines (B).
13. Guyatt GH, Sackett DL, Users' Guides to the Medical Literature: IX. A method for grading health care recommendations. JAMA 1995;274:1800-4.
14. Naylor CD, Guyatt GH, Users' Guides to the Medical Literature: X. How to use an article reporting variations in the outcomes of health services. JAMA 1996;275:554-8.
15. Naylor CD, Guyatt GH, Users' Guides to the Medical Literature: XI. How to use an article about a clinical utilization review. JAMA 1996;275:1435-9.
16. Guyatt GH, Naylor CD, Juniper E, Heyland DK, Jaeschke R, Cook DJ, Users' Guides to the Medical Literature: XII. How to use articles about health-related quality of life. JAMA 1997;277:1232-7.
17. Drummond MF, Richardson WS, O'Brien BJ, Levine M, Heyland D, M.D., Users' Guides to the Medical Literature: XIII. How to use an article on economic analysis of clinical practice: (A). Are the results of the study valid? JAMA 1997;277:1552-1557.
18. Drummond MF, Richardson WS, O'Brien BJ, Levine M, Heyland D, M.D., Users' Guides to the Medical Literature: XIII. How to use an article on economic analysis of clinical practice: (B). What are the results and will they help me in caring for my patients? JAMA 1997;277:1802-1806.
19. Dans AL, Dans LF, Guyatt GH, Richardson S, Users' Guides for the Medical Literature: XIV. How to decide on the applicability of clinical trial results to your patient. JAMA 1998;27;279:545-9.

B. How to Read a Paper (BMJ 1997 Series)
1. Greenhalgh T, The Medline database. BMJ 1997,315:180-183.
2. Greenhalgh T, Getting your bearings (deciding what the paper is about). BMJ 1997;315:243-246.
3. Greenhalgh T, Assessing the methodological quality of published papers. BMJ 1997;315:305-308.
4. Greenhalgh T, Statistics for the non-statistician. 1: different types of data need different statistical tests. BMJ 1997;315:364-366.
5. Greenhalgh T, Statistics for the non-statistician. 2: "significant" relations and their pitfalls. BMJ 1997;315:422-425.
6. Greenhalgh T, Papers that report drug trials. BMJ 1997;315:480-483.
7. Greenhalgh T, Papers that report diagnostic or screening tests. BMJ 1997;315:540-543.
8. Greenhalgh T, Papers that tell you what things cost (economic analyses). BMJ 1997;315:596-599.
9. Greenhalgh T, Papers that summarise other papers (systematic reviews and meta-analyses). BMJ. 1997; 315: 672-675.
10. Greenhalgh T, Taylor R, Papers that go beyond numbers (qualitative research). BMJ. 1997; 315: 740-743.

C. Systematic Reviews (Ann Intern Med 1997 Series)
1. Mulrow CD, Cook DJ, Davidoff F. Systematic Reviews: critical links in the great chain of evidence [Editorial]. Ann Intern Med 1997;126:389-391.
2. Cook DJ, Mulrow CD, Haynes RB. Systematic Reviews: synthesis of best evidence for clinical decisions. Ann Intern Med 1997;126:364-371.
3. Hunt DL, McKibbon KA. Locating and Appraising Systematic Reviews. Ann Intern Med 1997;126:532-538.
4. McQuay HJ, Moore RA. Using Numerical Results from Systematic Reviews in Clinical Practice. Ann Intern Med 1997;126:712-20
5. Badgett RG, O'Keefe M, Henderson MC. Using Systematic Reviews in Clinical Education. Ann Intern Med 1997;126:886-891.
6. Bero LA, Jadad AR. How Consumers and Policymakers Can Use Systematic Reviews for Decision Making. Ann Intern Med 1997;127:37-42.
7. Cook DJ, Greengold NL, Ellrodt AG, SR Weingarten. The Relation between Systematic Reviews and Practice Guidelines. Ann Intern Med 1997;127:210-216.
8. Counsell C. Formulating Questions and Locating Primary Studies for Inclusion in Systematic Reviews. Ann Intern Med 1997;127:380-387.
9. Meade MO, Richardson WS. Selecting and Appraising Studies for a Systematic Review. Ann Intern Med 1997;127:531-7.
10. Lau J, Ioannidis JPA, Schmid CH. Quantitative synthesis in systematic reviews. Ann Intern Med 1997;127:820-26.
11. Mulrow C, Langhorne P, Grimshaw J. Integrating heterogeneous pieces of evidence in systematic Reviews. Ann Intern Med 1997;127:989-995.

D. Meta-analysis (BMJ 1997-98 Series)
1. Egger M, Smith GD, Meta-analysis: potential and promise. BMJ 1997;315:1371-4
2. Egger M, Smith GD, Phillips AN, Meta-analysis: principles and procedures. BMJ 1997;315:1533-7
3. Smith GD, Egger M, Phillips AN, Meta-analysis: beyond the grand mean? BMJ 1997;315:1610-4
4. Egger M, Smith GD, Meta-analysis: bias in location and selection of studies. BMJ 1998;316:61-6
5. Egger M, Schneider M, Smith GD, Meta-analysis: spurious precision? BMJ 1998;316:140-4
6. Smith GD, Egger M, Meta-analysis: unresolved issues and future developments. BMJ 1998;316:221-5

E. Systematic Reviews (BMJ 1995 Series)
1. Chalmers I., Altman DG (EDS). Systematic Reviews. London, BMJ 1995.
2. Mulrow CD. Rationale for systematic reviews. BMJ 1994;309:597-9.
3. Oxman AD. Checklist for review articles. BMJ 1994;309:648-51.
4. Knipschild P. Some examples. BMJ 1994;309:719-21.
5. Eysenck HJ. Meta-analysis and its proble
ms. BMJ 1994;309:789-92.
6. Chalmers I, Haynes B. Reporting, updating, and correcting systematic reviews of the effects of health care. BMJ 1994;309:862-5.
7. Clarke MJ. Obtaining data from randomized controlled trials: how much do we need for reliable and informative meta-analyses? BMJ 1994;309:1007-10.
8. Dickersin K, Scherer R, Lefebre C. Identifying relevant studies for systematic reviews. BMJ 1994;309:1286-91.
9. Thompson SG. Why sources of heterogeneity in meta-analysis should be investigated? BMJ 

H. Basic Statistics for Clinicians (CMAJ 1995 Series)
1. Guyatt GH, Jaeschke R, Heddle N, Cook DJ, Shannon H, Walter S, Hypothesis testing. Can Med Assoc J 1995;152:27-32.
2. Guyatt GH, Jaeschke R, Heddle N, Cook DJ, Shannon H, Walter S, Interpreting study results: confidence intervals. Can Med Assoc J 1995;152:169-173.
3. Jaeschke R, Guyatt GH, Shannon H, Walter S, Cook DJ, Heddle N, Assessing the effects of treatment: measures of association. Can Med Assoc J 1995;152:351-357.
4. Guyatt GH, Walter S, Shannon H, Cook DJ, Jaeschke R, Heddle N, Correlation and regression. Can Med Assoc J 1995;152:497-504.

I  Statistics notes
http://www.sghms.ac.uk/depts/phs/staff/jmb/pbstnote.htm


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